Evidences from Earthquake Survivors

by Zulfadhli Zaki

The 1934 Nepal Earthquake was one of the worst earthquakes in the history of Nepal. The 8.0 magnitude earthquake occurred and caused widespread damage in northen part of Nepal.Memories of the tragedy of the earthquake that vanished from the local’s memory or even a new generations who never experienced it.

On the April of 2015, The memories been struck again by 7.8 Magnitude earthquake and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of Violent was killed more than 9,000 people and injured more than 23,000. Its epicentre was east of district of Lamjung, and its hypocentre was at a depth of approximately 15km. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 earthquake. The earthquake triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, killing at least 19, making April 2015 the deadliest day on the mountain history.

The earthquake triggered another huge avalanche in the Langtang valley, where 250 people were reported missing. Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened, across many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings UNESCO World Heritage sites were destroyed in the Kathmandu Valley including some at the Kathmandu Durbar Square, the Patan Durbar Square, the Bhaktapur Durbar Square Geophysicists and other experts had warned for decades that Nepal was vulnerable to a deadly earthquake, particularly because of its geology, urbanization and architecture.

Continued aftershocks occurred throughout Nepal within 15–20 minute intervals, with one shock reaching a magnitude of 6.7 on 26 April.The country also had a continued risk of landslides.Subsequent aftershocks cut off Nepal’s electricity and food and water supplies as foreign governments and international aid agencies scramble to deliver the much-need assistance. Thousand of people camping outdoors in streets and parks or sleeping under makeshift tents after their homes were damaged in the earthquake.

Peoples in Nepal are accustomed to adapting to the seasonal changes the monsoon brings to their lives.When the weather turns, these communities will be at greater risk from landslides and the spread of diseases.But after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake, even a below-average monsoon poses a threat to the mountainous terrain, exacerbating the likelihood of landslides and further hindering the recovery, researchers say.Adjustments to livelihood methods, in terms of storage of assets that need to be protected from damp and wet conditions and the risk of flooding and its challenges the resiliences as a human being dealing with mother nature. And here’s the testimony from the quintessence of life as the Earthquake survivors.

“Tragedy should be utilized as a source of strength, No matter what sort of difficulties, how painful experience is.. If we lose hope, Thats our real disaster.” -Dalai Lama.